Backpack II

LintCode-125.Backpack II

Given n items with size Ai and value Vi, and a backpack with size m. What's the maximum value can you put into the backpack?

Notice

You cannot divide item into small pieces and the total size of items you choose should smaller or equal to m.

Example

Given 4 items with size [2, 3, 5, 7] and value [1, 5, 2, 4], and a backpack with size 10. The maximum value is 9.

Challenge

O(n x m) memory is acceptable, can you do it in O(m) memory?

public class Solution {  
    /**
     * @param m: An integer m denotes the size of a backpack
     * @param A & V: Given n items with size A[i] and value V[i]
     * @return: The maximum value
     */
    public int backPackII(int m, int[] A, int V[]) {
        if (m == 0 || A == null || A.length == 0
            || V == null || V.length == 0) {
            return 0;        
        }

        int n = A.length;
        int[][] dp = new int[n + 1][m + 1];

        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            for (int j = 1; j <= m; j++) {
                dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j];

                if (j >= A[i - 1]) {
                    dp[i][j] = Math.max(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i - 1][j - A[i - 1]] + V[i - 1]);
                }
            }
        }

        return dp[n][m];
    }
}

Hope this helps,
Michael